An ancient town of Roman origin, standing midway up the Metauro Valley along the route of the ancient Flaminian Way and between the spurs of the Cesano hills and the steep northern face of the Colle dei Cappuccini. Fano and the coast are 25 km away. It stands a little way above the river plain in which the Roman settlement of Forum Sempronii, was built. The town is thought to have been named either after the plebeian tribune Gaius Sempronius Gracchus or after the lex Sempronia which was passed in around 130 BC. Remains of the original town, which was destroyed during the Barbarian invasions, are slowly coming to light in the San Martino del Piano district, where an important archaeological area has been established. (more)
The Furlo Pass (Italian: Gola del Furlo or Passo del Furlo) is a gorge on the ancient Roman road Via Flaminia in the Marche region of central Italy, where it passes near the Candigliano river, a tributary of the Metauro.
The gorge was formed between the Pietralata (889 m) and Paganuccio (976 m) mountains by the river Candigliano, which, until it was dammed in 1922, coursed at speed through the district. Since 2001 it has been included in a State Natural Reserve of the same name.
The Roman emperor Vespasian had a tunnel built here to facilitate passage on the Via Flaminia at the narrowest point of the gorge (hence the name, from the Latina forulum, meaning “small hole”); next to it is a similar but smaller tunnel dating from Etruscan times. The tunnel has a length of 38.30 meters and a height of 5.95 meters. During the Gothic Wars (6th century), the Ostrogoth King Totila had the pass fortified, but his troops were ousted by the Roman general Belisarius. The Lombards conquered the pass between 570 and 578, and destroyed the fortifications.
In the 1930s, a profile of Benito Mussolini was sculpted on the slopes of Mount Pietralata, which was destroyed by partisans during World War II. In the 1980s, traffic in the Furlo tunnel was bypassed by the construction of two highway tunnels. (official website)
PONTE MALLIO (MALLIO BRIDGE)
Ponte Mallio, dating to Roman Republican times (220 BC): it is one of the most imposing Roman remains along the ancient consular road, the via Flaminia. The bridge was built using large blocks (some more than a cubic metre) of which were put into place without mortar. The section of dressed cornelian stone dates from a later restoration, perhaps at the beginning of the Roman Imperial period. (official website)